Individuals and families who are vulnerable are supported across the country by the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA). With these grants, poverty is alleviated, living conditions are improved, and basic necessities are provided to those in need. SASSA grant funds are available to individuals who qualify and we will explore how they can be used in this article.
A SASSA grant is a financial assistance program provided by the South African government to individuals and families in need. Various circumstances such as unemployment, disability, or old age may make it difficult for people to meet their basic needs. These grants provide a safety net.
What is a SASSA Social Grant?
The South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) provides social assistance programs through the SASSA social grant program. South Africa’s Social Security Agency administers and distributes social grants to qualified individuals and families.
The purpose of social grants is to help those in need obtain financial assistance and alleviate poverty. Assisting those who have a difficult time supporting themselves financially, these grants are funded by the South African government.
|Grant Amount (SA Rands)
|Care Dependency Grant
|Child Support Grant
|Foster Child Grant
|Older Persons Grant
|War Veterans Grant
Types of Sassa Social Grant
SRD grants were created during the COVID-19 pandemic to provide temporary assistance to people in need (especially lower earners).
In order to qualify for an SRD grant, you must:
- It is necessary for the household breadwinner to be medically disabled for less than six months before he or she can return to work.
- At least 1 month’s admission to a public or private institution is required for the household breadwinner.
- The breadwinner of the household must have died.
- It is necessary that your social grant has been approved and is awaiting payment.
- There must be a disaster that has affected your area/community (but it has not been declared a disaster area)
A breadwinner’s death must be reported within 12 months of the application for the SRD grant.
Care Dependency Grant
Care Dependency Grants (CDG) provide assistance to caregivers of children with severe physical or mental disabilities. Specifically, the child must be under the age of 18, permanently disabled, and in need of permanent care/support owing to that disability. Having a child who requires a lot of professional care can be very expensive, so this Grant is intended to alleviate a portion of the costs.
It is possible for the caregiver (grant recipient) to be the child’s primary caregiver, or it may be the child’s foster parent.
The caregiver will not be eligible for the grant if the child is in a government institution for more than six months, receiving full-time care.
Child Support Grant
Biological parents or permanent caregivers who lack the means to support their children may be eligible for a Child Support Grant (CSG). Those under 18 years can apply for CSG grants if they are the primary caregiver.
Primary caregivers are eligible for grants – these are the primary caregivers:
- A minimum age of 16 is required
- An unrelated person or the biological parent of the child*
- Ensures all the basic needs of the child are met
Biological parents of the children are not required to receive the grant. If they cannot prove they are the primary caregiver, they will not be eligible for the grant.
Individuals with disabilities can apply for the Disability Grant (DG).
You can apply for the Grant if you are:
- Younger than 18 and older than 59
- Disabilities that affect the physical/mental health of an individual
- Having difficulty obtaining the necessary means/money to survive
There are two types of DGs: temporary and permanent, spanning a period between six and twelve months. The grant recipient must reapply if the temporary DG expires before they have recovered from their illness.
You must provide proof of disability when you apply for a disability grant (a medical assessment or report no older than three months).
Foster Child Grant
Grants awarded through the Children’s Court to foster children are called Foster Child Grants (FCG). It is essential that the child is under 18 years of age and placed in foster care legally. A grant will be given to the foster parent (anyone who has custody of the child but is not the biological parent).
Social workers from the Provincial Department of Social Development assist the Magistrates Court in selecting the foster parent. FCG criteria require foster parents to submit a court order indicating foster care and ensure they live within South Africa with their child.
A social worker must assess the case before the grant expires to ensure the child’s circumstances haven’t changed. After obtaining a court order extension, the grant can be continued until the next expiration date, depending on the extension.
As long as the child attends an institution of learning, he or she can continue FCG until 21 years old. A FCG application must be submitted each year after the child has turned 18 years old, with proof of attendance and an extension order.
Older Person Grant
Individuals over the age of 60 are eligible for an older person’s grant (also known as an old age pension). The individual must not be a member of a government institution and cannot receive any other grant. The grant is still available to older people who are residents in subsidized facilities (such as old age homes). A means test will also be conducted to assess applicants’ income and assets.
Currently, Older Persons Grants are valued at R2 080 or R2 100 per month (people between 60 and 75 receive a smaller amount, while those over 75 receive a larger amount).
Individuals receiving a Social Grant who need assistance with performing necessary tasks can apply for a Grant-In-Aid (GIA).
Individuals receiving Old Age, Disability, or War Veteran Grants in need of regular assistance are eligible for GIA.
A grant is intended to assist those with severe physical and mental disabilities that prevent them from bathing, cleaning their house, doing laundry, or washing themselves.
War Veterans Grant
Those who served in the Second World War or Korean War are eligible for the War Veterans Grant (WVG). A person must be older than 60 years old, disabled, in a state institution, and not receive any other adult grants.
Frequently Asked Questions
How can I apply for SASSA grants?
In order to apply for SASSA grants, you can visit the SASSA office closest to you or apply online via the SASSA website.
Can I receive more than one SASSA grant simultaneously?
According to their specific needs and circumstances, individuals may be eligible for more than one SASSA grant.
What documents are required for a SASSA grant application?
Grant types may require different documents. In most cases, proof of identity, income proof, bank statements, and medical assessments are required.
Can non-South African citizens apply for SASSA grants?
It may be possible to apply for SASSA grants as a non-South African citizen if they meet certain eligibility criteria, such as being a permanent resident or a refugee.
How often are SASSA grants paid?
It is common for SASSA grants to be paid monthly, but some programs may pay quarterly or annually.
As a result, the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) offers a variety of grants to assist vulnerable individuals and families across the country. There are a number of grants that play a vital role in alleviating poverty, ensuring access to basic necessities, and improving the overall well-being of people in need, including Child Support Grants, Old Age Grants, Disability Grants, Foster Child Grants, Care Dependency Grants, Grants-in-Aid, Social Relief of Distress Grants, War Veteran Grants, and Grants for Older Persons. As part of its commitment to creating a more equitable and inclusive society, SASSA provides financial assistance.